The purpose of this test is to detect the current draw of the fuel pump to determine if it is working correctly and efficiently, while also ensuring a correct pulse for each section of the commutator.
Refer to vehicle technical data for specific test conditions and results.
The waveform in Figure 2 shows the activation of the fuel pump priming the low pressure fuel circuit and the starting of the engine. From this we can measure the intial in-rush of current to get the fuel pump running. In the example we measured 19.03 A. This high-current draw is to be expected as the pump begins to turn. Once it is up-and-running the current drops to around 8A.
If you zoom in on the waveform you can see the pump waveform in even more detail. It shows a current pulse for each sector of the commutator. The majority of fuel pumps have 6 to 8 sectors. Our example has 8, but if you are unsure you can count the pulses quickly and easily in PicoScope 6.
A known good fuel pump waveform will generally have a seesaw pattern with relative consistency and minimal variation between the highs and lows. This can make it difficult to find the number of sectors on the commutator. A bad waveform will show large or irregular drops in the pattern, with large differences between the highs and lows. These obvious inconsistencies can help identify a worn spot on the commutator or a short in the armature.
When you have a fuel pump issue you will experience loss of power. The pump may still pressurize the system and the engine may even start, but when the demand from the fuel pump is high, there will be a distinct lack of power. This can be down to a number of issues: there could be a blockage in the fuel lines, the fuel filter could be blocked or the non-return valve could no longer be operating correctly. A repeated feature on the waveform can indicate wear and an impending failure.
Our waveform in Figure 4 shows a very uneven current draw on a number of sections when compared to a known good reference waveform from the waveform library. (Click here for more information regarding reference waveforms.)
This issue could be down to a poor conducting commutator or worn bushes. We would normally expect a current draw from this type of pump to be around 2.5 A, but the above waveform is above 0.5 A. From what we can see there is enough evidence to warrant removing the pump for further investigation.
This help topic is subject to changes without notification. The information within is carefully checked and considered to be correct. This information is an example of our investigations and findings and is not a definitive procedure. Pico Technology accepts no responsibility for inaccuracies. Each vehicle may be different and require unique test settings.
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September 11 2017
I had to apply low-pass filtering (set at 80Hz) in order to see the current waveform because there was so much noise it was impossible to see otherwise. I will send Steve Smith the before-and-after waveforms.