Distributorless ignition - primary current

The purpose of this test is to monitor the current and therefore the coil saturation time and see the current-limiting circuit in operation. 

Connection guidance

Connection for diagnostic work will vary dependent on application.

Technicians should whenever possible gain access to the test circuit without damage to seals and insulation. If this is not possible then make sure appropriate repairs are completed.

General connection advice

PicoScope offers a range of options within the test kits.

Dependent on difficulty of access, choose from:

  1. Breakout leads.
  2. Back-pinning probes.

Testing sensors and actuators (to include relevant circuit/connectors):

  • When testing a sensor, it is desirable to gain access at the control module.
  • When testing an actuator, it is desirable to gain access at the actuator.

How to perform the test

  1. Use manufacturer data to identify the coil voltage supply terminal.
  2. Connect the low amp current clamp to PicoScope channel A, select the 20 A scale and zero the clamp before attaching to the coil supply voltage circuit.
  3. Start the engine and allow it to idle.
  4. Minimise the help page and with the example waveform on your screen PicoScope has already selected suitable scales for you to capture a waveform.
  5. Start the scope.
  6. With your live waveform on screen stop the scope to stop your capture.
  7. Stop the engine and turn off the ignition.
  8. Use the Waveform Buffer and Zoom tools to examine your waveform.

Example waveforms

Waveform notes

In the example waveform above, the current limiting circuit can be seen in operation. The current switches on as the dwell period starts and rises until the requisite 5-10 amps (depending on system) is achieved within the primary circuit, at which point the current is maintained until it is released at the point of ignition.

The dwell will expand as the engine revs are increased. This is to maintain a constant coil saturation time, hence the term 'constant energy'. If one time ruler is placed at the beginning of the dwell period and the other on the induced voltage line, the coil saturation time can be measured. This will remain exactly the same regardless of engine speed.

Waveform Library

Go to the drop-down menu bar at the lower left corner of the Waveform Library window and select, Ignition coil primary current.

Example distributorless ignition unit

Further guidance

The waveform will show a curving line that indicates the speed at which the coil is being 'saturated'. The flatter the line, the longer it is taking to 'fill' the coil with voltage. The waveform flattens out for a time, where the current is being maintained by the amplifier once it has reached its requisite current. The current is held until the amplifier releases the earth path, when the waveform drops vertically. This vertical line is also important, as a 'sloping' line indicates that the amplifier is not switching fast enough and the induced voltage will suffer as a result.

GT168-3

Disclaimer
This help topic is subject to changes without notification. The information within is carefully checked and considered to be correct. This information is an example of our investigations and findings and is not a definitive procedure. Pico Technology accepts no responsibility for inaccuracies. Each vehicle may be different and require unique test settings.

Suitable accessories

  • 20 A / 60 A DC (low amps) current clamp

    £111.00

  • Premium 6-way breakout lead set

    £269.00

Help us improve our tests

We know that our PicoScope users are clever and creative and we’d love to receive your ideas for improvement on this test. Click the Add comment button to leave your feedback.

Add comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Guided test: Distributorless ignition - primary current